Stamped concrete involves pouring slab concrete for driveways, walkways, patios, etc., and then impressing both patterns and textures onto the concrete before it is fully dry. For many years, a lesser form of stamped concrete was often seen that merely duplicated patterns. But the newer types of stamped concrete impart textures that duplicate many different surfaces such as cobblestones, brick, pavers, wood, seashells, and more. Also, pigment is usually added to stamped concrete to further duplicate the look of such patterns.
Why Stamped Concrete Instead of the Original Surfaces?
Brick, pavers, and cobbles look great, but since they form a surface of many interlocking pieces, they are susceptible to settlement and other changes in the underlying surface. Sometimes this can be good, if you're trying to cover an uneven surface--the brick, pavers, stone, or pavers will conform to the surface. But if you have a good, flat, and level undersurface, you'll want your concrete to be laid the same way. Steel reinforcement within the stamped concrete helps to tie the pavement together and strengthen it.
The Three Most Common Types of Exterior Decorative Concrete Projects That Are Used in Single Family Dwellings.
Home Owners Should Be Familiar with at least these three systems when hiring a company to perform decorative concrete projects at their homes.
Type One - Stamped Concrete System
The Stamped Concrete System consists of a process of installing concrete sidewalks, drive aprons, driveways and patios much like non Decorative Concrete Projects. The primary difference between decorative and non-decorative concrete projects is when it comes time to finish the concrete.
A Little Bit About Colors
There are several ways to add color to concrete. There are two basic methods that most companies use in the marketplace today to add color to the concrete.
An Integral Color Mix and a Shake-On Color Hardener. Each manufacturer of the products available in the market varies, but most manufacturers offer between approximately eight and twenty five colors to choose from.
The integral color mix, typically comes in 50 pound sacks and are poured directly into the concrete truck at the job site.
The shake on color hardener typically comes in 60 pound pails/buckets and the color is hand applied by throwing or broadcasting color on the surface of the concrete during the concrete pour.
We use a product manufactured by Butterfield Color. The website for Butterfield Color is www.butterfieldcolor.com Below are the links to the current color charts:
After the concrete has been colored, it's time to finish the concrete. As with colors there are several ways to add a decorative finish to the concrete. We are only going to focus on a few that are the most common in the market place mainly based on budget.
During the concrete finishing phase of the pour, large rubber mats are used to add the decorative pattern to the concrete. Manufacturers vary, but each mat typically measures approximately two to three feet in length and width, depending on the pattern, and has two handles to operate the mat properly. Several mats are used during the concrete finishing process. The mats are placed on the concrete, tamped with a tamping tool which transfers the pattern to the concrete and are then moved in a sequential manner from start to finish.
We offer two patterns of stamped concrete to choose from.
After the concrete has set, typically one to three days, the concrete forms are removed and the concrete is prepared and touched up and ready to be sealed. Sealing of the concrete involves the process of installing up to three coats of a concrete sealer to seal the concrete and to protect and enhance the finish color.
There are several factors that affect the cost of construction. The cost of a project today is not the cost of that same project weeks, or even days, later. Every project is unique and needs to be priced out accordingly. The average costs of projects that are quoted below are for budget discussion only.
The average costs of a typical stamped residential concrete project start at $6.00 to $8.00 dollars per square foot, and up, depending on several variables of the project.
Type Two - Scored & Colored Concrete System
The Scored & Colored Concrete System consists of a process of installing concrete sidewalks, drive aprons, driveways and patios much like non Decorative Concrete Projects. The primary difference between scored and colored and non-decorative concrete projects is when it comes time to finish the concrete.
The concrete is finished the same way as non-decorative concrete except that within approximately one day after pouring and finishing the concrete, it is scored to specifications. Most typical finishes are 24", 36" & 48" squares or tiles with machine cut grooves or grout lines cut into the concrete.
The concrete color for scored concrete systems are identical to the color process used with the stamped concrete system and explained above.
Scored & Colored Concrete System costs vary widely based on the detail level of the overlay project. Starting costs for the basic overlay start at $8.00 to $10.00 dollars per square foot and up.
Type Three - Concrete Overlay System
The Concrete Overlay System is installed much differently than a typical stamped concrete system. The concrete overlay is more suited to existing structurally sound concrete that has become old looking or in need of an upgrade.
The concrete overlay system is more suited for use over existing sidewalks, driveways, patio covers and interior floors. The overlay system can be stamped, scored or patterned and colored many different ways.
The concrete overlay consists of a system whereby a cilica based polymer cement with a finely graded sand, is installed approximately 1/8" to 3/4" inch thick over the existing concrete. The existing concrete must be level, structurally sound and not have any cracks in the finish. Cracks in the existing concrete will allow moisture to deteriorate the bond between the existing concrete and the overlay and will eventually cause the failure of the system and will de-laminate away from the existing concrete.
The overlay material we use is also manufactured by Butterfield Color. The system is Butterfields T-1000 Stampable Overlay. The T-1000 can be used in conjunction with Butterfield Color T1000 Color Packs to achieve a multitude of colors. The color packs are available in all Uni-Mix Integral Colors and are designed for use with one bag of overlay. Uni-Mix Integral Color Chart
Concrete Overlay Systems costs vary widely as well based on several project specific requirements that drive costs up or down. Budget costs start at $9.00 to $10.00 per square foot, and up.
Stamped Concrete Photos
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